References to assess sources of evidence for health promotion, public health and population health

Click here to see general notes on the references listed below.

Critical reading of epidemiological papers. A guide
Citation information: M. Blettner, C. Heuer and O. Razum, European Journal of Public Health, 11(1), 97-101
Notes: guidance to non-epidemiologists on how to read and evaluate the quality of epidemiological studies and their results critically

Evaluating Web Sites: Criteria and Tools
Website Contents: references and links for (a) criteria to judge websites re. qualities such as reliability and (b) website reviews and rankings

A glossary for social epidemiology
Citation information: N. Krieger, 2001, J Epidemiol Community Health, 55(10), 693-700

Guidelines for reading literature reviews
Citation information: A. Oxman and G. Guyatt, 1988, CMAJ, 138,697-703

Guides for reading and interpreting systematic reviews: 1. Getting started
Citation information: T. Klassen, A. Jadad and D. Moher, 1998, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 152,700-704

Guides for reading and interpreting systematic reviews: 2. How did the authors find the studies and assess their quality?
Citation information: A. Jadad, D. Moher and T. Klassen, 1998, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 152,812-817

How to Critically Analyze Information Sources
Citation information: J. Ormondroyd, M. Engle and T. Cosgrave, 2001, Cornell University Library
Notes: aimed at students; very basic information to identify credibility of author, appropriateness for needs (re. time, level, content), objectivity

How to find the most trustworthy health information Web sites
Citation information: Canadian Health Network, Canadian Health Network and Health Canada
Notes: checklist questions to judge quality of a health information Web site regarding the following categories: credibility, content suitability, relevance, timeliness, disclosure (clearness and adequacy), caution statements, user friendliness

How to read a paper
Citation information: T. Greenhalgh, British Medical Journal
Notes: A series of articles detailing how to read a paper critically. Full text is provided through website links. Titles include: Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research), Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses), Papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses), Papers that report diagnostic or screening tests, Papers that report drug trials, Statistics for the non-statistician. II: "Significant" relations and their pitfalls, Statistics for the non-statistician, Assessing the methodological quality of published papers, Getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about), The Medline database.

Linking Science and Practice: Toward a System for Enabling Communities to Adopt Best Practices for Chronic Disease Prevention
Citation information: R. Cameron and et al., January 2001, Health Promotion Practice, 2(1), 35-42
Notes: use of effectiveness, plausibility and practicality criteria identify practices as "best," "promising," or "to be tracked."

The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal
Citation information: I. Crombie, 1996, BMJ Publishing Group

A Proposed Schema for Evaluating Evidence on Public Health Interventions: A discussion paper prepared for the National Public Health Partnership version 4
Citation information: L. Rychetnik and M. Frommer, 2002, National Public Health Partnership
Notes: a guide to the appraisal of individual papers and formation of a summary statement about those papers. Sections include: The scope of your review, The papers in the review, Describing the results from the papers selected, Interpreting each paper, Summarising the body of evidence. Supplementary guides in the appendices include: Appraising reviews, Appraising randomised controlled trials, Appraising observational studies, Appraising economic evaluations, Appraising qualitative studies. Includes useful references.

Teaching and learning resources for evidence based practice
Website Contents: plan for a two day workshop, information on finding and using evidence, links to sources of evidence and references

A User's Guide to Qualitative Research in Health Care
Citation information: M. Giacomini and D. J. Cook, Evidence Based Medicine Working Group
Notes: of particular relevance for assessing evidence is the section Are the Results Valid? This article is based on the Users' Guides to Evidence-based Medicine and reproduced with permission from JAMA. (2000 Jul 26;284(4):478-82) Copyright 2000, American Medical Association. Click here to go to the full list of Users' Guides, with links.

Using Electronic Health Information Resources in Evidence-Based Practice
Citation information: Dereck L. Hunt, Roman Jaeschke, K. Ann McKibbon, for the Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XXI. JAMA, Apr 2000; 283: 1875 - 1879.
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