References to assess sources of evidence for health promotion, public health and population health
Click here to see general notes on the references listed below.
Critical reading of epidemiological papers. A guide
M. Blettner, C. Heuer and O. Razum, European Journal of Public Health, 11(1), 97-101
guidance to non-epidemiologists on how to read and evaluate the quality of epidemiological studies and their results critically
Evaluating Web Sites: Criteria and Tools
references and links for (a) criteria to judge websites re. qualities such as reliability and (b) website reviews and rankings
A glossary for social epidemiology
N. Krieger, 2001, J Epidemiol Community Health, 55(10), 693-700
Guidelines for reading literature reviews
A. Oxman and G. Guyatt, 1988, CMAJ, 138,697-703
Guides for reading and interpreting systematic reviews: 1. Getting started
T. Klassen, A. Jadad and D. Moher, 1998, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 152,700-704
Guides for reading and interpreting systematic reviews: 2. How did the authors find the studies and assess their quality?
A. Jadad, D. Moher and T. Klassen, 1998, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 152,812-817
How to Critically Analyze Information Sources
J. Ormondroyd, M. Engle and T. Cosgrave, 2001, Cornell University Library
aimed at students; very basic information to identify credibility of author, appropriateness for needs (re. time, level, content), objectivity
How to find the most trustworthy health information Web sites
Canadian Health Network, Canadian Health Network and Health Canada
checklist questions to judge quality of a health information Web site regarding the following categories: credibility, content suitability, relevance, timeliness, disclosure (clearness and adequacy), caution statements, user friendliness
How to read a paper
T. Greenhalgh, British Medical Journal
A series of articles detailing how to read a paper critically. Full text is provided through website links. Titles include: Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research), Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses), Papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses), Papers that report diagnostic or screening tests, Papers that report drug trials, Statistics for the non-statistician. II: "Significant" relations and their pitfalls, Statistics for the non-statistician, Assessing the methodological quality of published papers, Getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about), The Medline database.
Linking Science and Practice: Toward a System for Enabling Communities to Adopt Best Practices for Chronic Disease Prevention
R. Cameron and et al., January 2001, Health Promotion Practice, 2(1), 35-42
use of effectiveness, plausibility and practicality criteria identify practices as "best," "promising," or "to be tracked."
The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal
I. Crombie, 1996, BMJ Publishing Group
A Proposed Schema for Evaluating Evidence on Public Health Interventions
: A discussion paper prepared for the National Public Health Partnership version 4
L. Rychetnik and M. Frommer, 2002, National Public Health Partnership
a guide to the appraisal of individual papers and formation of a summary statement about those papers. Sections include: The scope of your review, The papers in the review, Describing the results from the papers selected, Interpreting each paper, Summarising the body of evidence. Supplementary guides in the appendices include: Appraising reviews, Appraising randomised controlled trials, Appraising observational studies, Appraising economic evaluations, Appraising qualitative studies. Includes useful references.
Teaching and learning resources for evidence based practice
plan for a two day workshop, information on finding and using evidence, links to sources of evidence and references
A User's Guide to Qualitative Research in Health Care
M. Giacomini and D. J. Cook, Evidence Based Medicine Working Group
of particular relevance for assessing evidence is the section Are the Results Valid? This article is based on the Users' Guides to Evidence-based Medicine and reproduced with permission from JAMA. (2000 Jul 26;284(4):478-82) Copyright 2000, American Medical Association. Click here
to go to the full list of Users' Guides, with links.
Using Electronic Health Information Resources in Evidence-Based Practice
Dereck L. Hunt, Roman Jaeschke, K. Ann McKibbon, for the Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XXI. JAMA, Apr 2000; 283: 1875 - 1879.
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Notes re. references listed above:
- All information is summarized directly from the relevant website or information source. Websites change; please contact us if any corrections are required.
- Not all of the references above are available on websites.
- Most of the references above are geared to non-professional researchers.
- All references are "English only" unless otherwise specified.
- The list presented above is not comprehensive; to find other relevant references, check some of the links on websites listed below, library catalogues, publishers of material for health promotion, public health and population health (e.g. Sage).
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